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Mastering Neonatology: Essential Skills for Medical Practitioners

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  1. Introduction of Neonatology
    5 Topics
  2. Fetal Growth and Development
    4 Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Neonatal Physiology
    9 Topics
  4. Neonatal Resuscitation
    8 Topics
  5. Neonatal Examination
    4 Topics
  6. Prematurity and Low Birth Weight
    3 Topics
  7. Neonatal Nutrition
    3 Topics
  8. Neonatal Infections
    10 Topics
  9. Neonatal Jaundice
    9 Topics
  10. Neonatal Respiratory disorders
    7 Topics
  11. Neonatal Cardiovascular disorders
    17 Topics
  12. Neonatal Immunological disorders
    5 Topics
  13. Neonatal Hematological disorders
    6 Topics
  14. Neonatal Neurological disorders
    9 Topics
  15. Endocrine and metabolic disorders
    8 Topics
  16. Neonatal genetic disorders
    9 Topics
  17. Neonatal musculoskeletal disorders
    10 Topics
  18. Neonatal Pharmacology
    3 Topics
  19. Neonatal surgery
    7 Topics
  20. Family-Centered Care and Neonatal Ethics
    3 Topics
  21. Neonatal Follow-Up
    4 Topics

Participants 1

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Fetal development refers to the process of growth and development of a fetus in the uterus from conception to birth. It occurs in three stages: the germinal stage, the embryonic stage, and the fetal stage.

Germinal Stage: The germinal stage is the first stage of fetal development and lasts from fertilization until implantation, which occurs about 7-10 days after fertilization. During this stage, the fertilized egg undergoes several cell divisions, resulting in a ball of cells called a blastocyst.

The blastocyst then moves down the fallopian tube towards the uterus, where it implants into the uterine wall. Once implanted, the blastocyst forms two distinct cell layers: the outer trophoblast layer, which will eventually form the placenta, and the inner cell mass, which will develop into the fetus.

Embryonic Stage: The embryonic stage is the second stage of fetal development and lasts from implantation until the end of the eighth week of gestation. During this stage, the embryo undergoes rapid growth and development, and all major organ systems begin to form. The embryo is now called a fetus at the end of the embryonic stage. Key events during this stage include:

  • Formation of the neural tube: The neural tube forms the brain and spinal cord and begins to develop at the beginning of the third week of gestation.
  • Formation of the heart and circulatory system: The heart starts to beat at around 22 days of gestation, and by the end of the embryonic stage, the circulatory system is fully formed.
  • Formation of the major organs: The major organs, such as the lungs, liver, kidneys, and digestive system, begin to form during the embryonic stage.
  • Formation of the limbs: The limbs begin to form at around week 4 of gestation and continue to develop throughout the embryonic stage.

Fetal Stage: The fetal stage is the third and final stage of fetal development and lasts from the beginning of the ninth week of gestation until birth. During this stage, the fetus undergoes continued growth and development, and organ systems become more complex and mature. Key events during this stage include:

  • Continued growth and development: The fetus grows rapidly during the fetal stage, and by the end of the third trimester, it weighs an average of 7.5 pounds.
  • Formation of subcutaneous fat: The fetus begins to develop a layer of subcutaneous fat during the third trimester, which helps regulate body temperature.
  • Development of the immune system: The immune system begins to develop during the fetal stage, and by the end of gestation, the fetus has some degree of immunity.
  • Preparation for birth: During the last few weeks of gestation, the fetus begins to position itself for birth, with the head typically facing downward.

Overall, understanding fetal development stages is crucial for neonatologists, as it helps them in recognizing potential problems and planning appropriate interventions to optimize neonatal outcomes.